Causal- Mechanical Model Of Scientific Explanation
The causal-mechanical model of scientific explanation suggests that an explanation of an event E traces:
(i) the processes and interactions that make up the event itself
(ii) AND the causal processes and interactions leading up to the event E

Salmon suggests that causal processes can be distinguished from non-causal processes by looking for 'mark transmissions', i.e. a causal process is one that is able to transmit a mark in a continuous way.


Note that the C-M model relies heavily on counterfactuals; the movement, for example, of an undented car would also be a mark transmitter/ causal process, because if one were to mark the car, the mark would be transmitted through space and time.

Solves some of the problems that arise from the D-N approach, but not all (e.g. how can one introduce the concept of mark transmission to explain Bob's lack of pregnancy?). It also seems a bit strange to introduce something like mark transmission in the first place (seems a bit irrelevant).

Problems with the causal-mechanical model:

GOOD. I AGREE. BUT ACTION AT A DISTANCE HAS ALMOST ALWAYS BEEN UNPOPULAR. NEWTON HATED IT. AND OUR CURRENT MOST FUNDAMENTAL THEORIES, GENERAL RELATIVITY AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, CAN BE FORMULATED WITHOUT IT. JASON


Relevance to consciousness:


Resources: